Question Details

(solution) Like medical problems, __________________ have both biological


Like medical problems, __________________ have both biological and environmental influences.

  • stigmas
  • psychological disorders
  • comorbidities

A researcher studying the role that the neurotransmitter dopamine plays in schizophrenia would most likely be approaching this disorder from the psychological perspective of the bio-psycho-social model of illness.

  • True
  • False

Individuals who suffer from major depression are also likely to suffer from anxiety disorders. This illustrates the concept of __________.

  • comorbidity
  • bio-psycho-social model of illness
  • stigma

Media portrayals of mental illness are often negative. That only further reinforces __________ that exists for those suffering from psychological disorders.

  • comorbidity
  • abnormal psychology
  • stigma

Which of the following is not a qualifier to describe levels of severity of a given psychological disorder?

  • Mild
  • Severe
  • Medium

_________________ is characterized by an excessive worry that causes dysfunction and that lasts for at least 6 months.

  • Panic disorder
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

Ben suffers from _______________ and occasionally has experiences in which he thinks he is dying because of his racing heart, trembling, nausea, and dizziness. Ben does not know why these experiences occur.

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • panic disorder
  • generalized anxiety disorder
  • post-traumatic stress disorder

Alice absolutely refuses to use public transportation because she fears the inability to escape the bus or subway in times of emergency. Which of the following phobias would be most consistent with Alice?s fear?

  • Agoraphobia
  • Arachnophobia
  • Social phobia
  • Acrophobia

______________ are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are engaged in order to reduce anxiety generated by persistent, disturbing thoughts.

  • Compulsions
  • Phobias
  • Obsessions

Many individuals who experienced the terrorist attacks of 9/11 suffer from ______________, which involves them reliving the awful events of that day.

  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • generalized anxiety disorder

Which of the following glands would likely be of most interest to a researcher trying to understand the biological factors related to anxiety disorders?

  • Pancreas
  • Thyroid
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal

Rape victims often feel significant anxiety when they are in the area in which the crime occurred. The area serves as a(n) __________________.

  • conditioned stimulus
  • conditioned response
  • unconditioned stimulus
  • unconditioned response

An individual who experiences significant changes in mood from very low to very high with periods of normal mood interspersed would likely be diagnosed with ____________.

  • bipolar disorder
  • major depressive disorder
  • persistent depressive disorder

Depressed individuals tend to show differences in the genes that code for factors related to ___________.

  • glutamate
  • GABA
  • serotonin

___________ refer to uncommon false beliefs.

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Inappropriate affect

Drugs used to treat schizophrenia tend to __________ dopamine activity.

  • decrease
  • increase
  • have no effect on

Inflexible patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others are symptomatic of _____________.

  • anxiety disorders
  • personality disorders
  • mood disorders

_____________ is a personality disorder among the anxious/inhibited cluster of personality disorders.

  • Avoidant
  • Antisocial
  • Borderline
  • Schizoid

____________ personality disorder is associated with submissiveness and an excessive need for approval and reassurance.

  • Antisocial
  • Obsessive-compulsive
  • Schizoid
  • Dependent

Stimulant medications are used to treat ______________.

  • personality disorders
  • attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • autism spectrum disorder

ADHD is _________ to occur in males than in females.

  • less likely
  • more likely
  • equally likely

Some clinicians hypothesize that individuals who are distressed and highly suggestible can be influenced by therapists to exhibit symptoms of ________________.

  • attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • dissociative identity disorder
  • borderline personality disorder

Suggestive interviews may _________ the display of symptoms that are consistent with dissociative identity disorder.

  • increase
  • have no effect on
  • decrease

Like medical problems, __________________ have both biological and environmental influences.

 

1. stigmas

 

2. psychological disorders

 

3. comorbidities

 

A researcher studying the role that the neurotransmitter dopamine plays in schizophrenia would most

 

likely be approaching this disorder from the psychological perspective of the bio-psycho-social model of

 

illness.

 

1. True

 

2. False

 

Individuals who suffer from major depression are also likely to suffer from anxiety disorders. This

 

illustrates the concept of __________.

 

1. comorbidity

 

2. bio-psycho-social model of illness

 

3. stigma

 

Media portrayals of mental illness are often negative. That only further reinforces __________ that exists

 

for those suffering from psychological disorders.

 

1. comorbidity

 

2. abnormal psychology

 

3. stigma

 

Which of the following is not a qualifier to describe levels of severity of a given psychological disorder?

 

1. Mild

 

2. Severe

 

3. Medium

 

_________________ is characterized by an excessive worry that causes dysfunction and that lasts for at

 

least 6 months.

 

1. Panic disorder

 

2. Generalized anxiety disorder

 

3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

 

4. Post-traumatic stress disorder

 

Ben suffers from _______________ and occasionally has experiences in which he thinks he is dying

 

because of his racing heart, trembling, nausea, and dizziness. Ben does not know why these experiences

 

occur.

 

1. obsessive-compulsive disorder

 

2. panic disorder

 

3. generalized anxiety disorder

 

4. post-traumatic stress disorder

 

Alice absolutely refuses to use public transportation because she fears the inability to escape the bus or

 

subway in times of emergency. Which of the following phobias would be most consistent with Alice?s

 

fear?

 

1. Agoraphobia

 

2. Arachnophobia

 

3. Social phobia

 

4. Acrophobia ______________ are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are engaged in order to reduce anxiety

 

generated by persistent, disturbing thoughts.

 

1. Compulsions

 

2. Phobias

 

3. Obsessions

 

Many individuals who experienced the terrorist attacks of 9/11 suffer from ______________, which

 

involves them reliving the awful events of that day.

 

1. post-traumatic stress disorder

 

2. obsessive-compulsive disorder

 

3. generalized anxiety disorder

 

Which of the following glands would likely be of most interest to a researcher trying to understand the

 

biological factors related to anxiety disorders?

 

1. Pancreas

 

2. Thyroid

 

3. Adrenal

 

4. Pineal

 

Rape victims often feel significant anxiety when they are in the area in which the crime occurred. The

 

area serves as a(n) __________________.

 

1. conditioned stimulus

 

2. conditioned response

 

3. unconditioned stimulus

 

4. unconditioned response

 

An individual who experiences significant changes in mood from very low to very high with periods of

 

normal mood interspersed would likely be diagnosed with ____________.

 

1. bipolar disorder

 

2. major depressive disorder

 

3. persistent depressive disorder

 

Depressed individuals tend to show differences in the genes that code for factors related to ___________.

 

1. glutamate

 

2. GABA

 

3. serotonin

 

___________ refer to uncommon false beliefs.

 

1. Delusions

 

2. Hallucinations

 

3. Inappropriate affect

 

Drugs used to treat schizophrenia tend to __________ dopamine activity.

 

1. decrease

 

2. increase

 

3. have no effect on

 

Inflexible patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others are symptomatic of _____________.

 

1. anxiety disorders

 

2. personality disorders

 

3. mood disorders _____________ is a personality disorder among the anxious/inhibited cluster of personality disorders.

 

1. Avoidant

 

2. Antisocial

 

3. Borderline

 

4. Schizoid

 

____________ personality disorder is associated with submissiveness and an excessive need for approval

 

and reassurance.

 

1. Antisocial

 

2. Obsessive-compulsive

 

3. Schizoid

 

4. Dependent

 

Stimulant medications are used to treat ______________.

 

1. personality disorders

 

2. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

 

3. autism spectrum disorder

 

ADHD is _________ to occur in males than in females.

 

1. less likely

 

2. more likely

 

3. equally likely

 

Some clinicians hypothesize that individuals who are distressed and highly suggestible can be influenced

 

by therapists to exhibit symptoms of ________________.

 

1. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

 

2. dissociative identity disorder

 

3. borderline personality disorder

 

Suggestive interviews may _________ the display of symptoms that are consistent with dissociative

 

identity disorder.

 

1. increase

 

2. have no effect on

 

3. decrease

 


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